Deborah Thomas

R. Jean Brownlee Professor of Anthropology; Director, Center for Experimental Ethnography

University Museum Room 335


Deborah A. Thomas is the R. Jean Brownlee Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.  She is also core faculty in Gender, Sexuality and Women’s Studies, holds secondary appointments with the Graduate School of Education and the Department of Africana Studies, and is a member of the graduate groups in English, Comparative Literature, and the School of Social Policy and Practice.  She is also a Distinguished Visiting Professor with the Race:Gender:Class Centre at the University of Johannesburg.  Prior to her appointment at Penn, she spent two years as a Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center for the Americas at Wesleyan University, and four years teaching in the Department of Cultural Anthropology at Duke University.  Her recent book, Political Life in the Wake of the Plantation:  Sovereignty, Witnessing, Repair (2019), was awarded the Gordon K. and Sybil Lewis Book Award from the Caribbean Studies Association in 2021 and the Senior Book Prize from the American Ethnological Society in 2020.  It was also the runner-up for the Gregory Bateson Prize in 2020.  She is also the author of Exceptional Violence:  Embodied Citizenship in Transnational Jamaica (2011), and Modern Blackness:  Nationalism, Globalization, and The Politics of Culture in Jamaica (2004).  She is co-editor of the volumes Sovereignty Unhinged:  An Illustrated Primer for the Study of Present Intensities, Disavowals, and Temporal Derangements (2023), Citizenship on the Edge:  Sex, Gender, Race (2022); Changing Continuities and the Scholar-Activist Anthropology of Constance R. Sutton (2022); and Globalization and Race:  Transformations in the Cultural Production of Blackness (2006).  Thomas co-directed and co-produced two films:  BAD FRIDAY:  RASTAFARI AFTER CORAL GARDENS (with John L. Jackson, Jr. and Junior “Gabu” Wedderburn), a documentary that chronicles the history of violence in Jamaica through the eyes of its most iconic community – Rastafari – and shows how people use their recollections of the Coral Gardens “incident” in 1963 to imagine new possibilities for the future; and FOUR DAYS IN MAY (with Junior “Gabu” Wedderburn and Deanne M. Bell), an experimental documentary that juxtaposes archives related to the “Tivoli Incursion” in May 2010, when Jamaican security forces entered West Kingston to arrest Christopher Coke, wanted for extradition to the United States, and killed at least 75 civilians.  She also co-curated a multi-media installation titled Bearing Witness:  Four Days in West Kingston, which opened at the Penn Museum in November 2017.  Thomas has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals across the disciplines, and she is the recipient of many awards including a Guggenheim Fellowship.  She was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2024.


As someone who has been interested in the afterlives of imperialism, in the forms of community, subjectivity and expectation that are produced by violence, and in how these are expressed and mapped, Thomas is currently working on a couple projects that continue to probe these issues, though in very different ways.  The first is a new book project called Inheritance:  A Speculative Ethnography of Evidence.  Inheritance builds upon my earlier interrogations of sovereignty to propose a different lexicon through which we might envision a political present and future that is rooted in relational and speculative feminist praxis.  In the book, she argues that we are heirs not only to colonial logics, but also to the means to refuse or retool them, and that both of these inheritances are inscribed in and on the body.  By foregrounding embodied methods and embodied insights, she is also seeking to embrace quieter experiments with what a more radically humanist anthropology could look like, one that eschews Western enlightenment modes of recognizing, categorizing, and collecting difference, and one that moves beyond binary conceptualizations of the relationship between body and mind, self and other, themselves rooted in liberal constructions of the transparent, knowable, and governable subject. Thomas has also begun post-production on a new film project on the Ethiopian Zion Coptic Church in Jamaica.  


Prior to her life as an academic, Thomas was a professional dancer with the New York-based Urban Bush Women, a company that is committed to using art as a means of addressing issues of social justice and encouraging civic engagement, and that brings the untold stories of disenfranchised people to light through dance from a woman-centered perspective and as members of the African Diaspora community.  Thomas was also a Program Director with the National Council for Research on Women, an international working alliance of women’s research and policy centers whose mission is to enhance the connections among research, policy analysis, advocacy, and innovative programming on behalf of women and girls.  From 2016-2020, she was the Editor-in-Chief of American Anthropologist, the flagship journal of the American Anthropological Association, and was co-editor of the journal Transforming Anthropology from 2007-2010.  She currently also sits on the Editorial Committee of the Caribbean-based journal Social and Economic Studies.  Thomas has contributed to a number of professional associations, having been a member of the Executive Council for the Caribbean Studies Association from 2008-2011, on the board of the Association for the Study of the Worldwide African Diaspora (2012-2017), and the Secretary of the Society for Cultural Anthropology from 2010-2014.  She is currently the co-chair of the AAA Commission on the Ethical Treatment of Human Remains.  


Ph.D. New York University 2000

CV (file)

Research Interests

Political Anthropology; Sovereignty; Violence; The Afterlives of Imperialism; Transnationalism and Diaspora; Race and Gender; Performance and Popular Culture; Culture and Political Economy; Popular Culture; the Caribbean.

Selected Publications








Selected Articles:


2024 (October).  “Refusal (and Repair).”  Annual Review of Anthropology 53.

2024.  “Afterpresence:  The Unbounded Body.”  American Ethnologist

2024.  “Death and Prefiguration.”  small axe 73:83-88.

2022.  “Can Black Lives Matter in a Black Country.”  Special Issue of Social Text, “Security from the South:  Intersections of Religion, Gender and Race,” 40(3):17-35.

2022.  “What the Caribbean Teaches Us:  The Afterlives and New Lives of Coloniality.”  Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology

2021.  “The Future of Visual Anthropology in the Wake of Black Lives Matter” (with Sireita Mullings and Shawn Sobers).  Visual Anthropology Review

2021.  “An Anthropology of Epochal Shift:  Or, What Leith Mullings Teaches Us about Global Transformation.”  Transforming Anthropology

2021.  “Enclosures and Extraction:  MOVE and the Penn Museum.”  History of Anthropology Review 45,

2021.  “Abstraction, Witnessing and Repair:  or, How Multimodal Research Can Destabilize the Coloniality of the Gaze.”  Multimodality and Society 1(3):394-406, DOI: 10.1177/26349795211042771 

2020.  “Making Four Days in May:  Bearing Witness to State Violence through Film.”  Interventions 22(1):93-105, DOI:  

2018.  “Dancing into the Politics of Race:  From Bahia to Kingston.”  In Dancing Bahia:  Essays on Afro-Bahian Dance, Education and Memory, Eds. Lucia Suarez and Yvonne Daniel.  Chicago:  University of Chicago Press.

2017.  “Rastafari, Communism, and Surveillance in Late Colonial Jamaica.”  Small Axe 54:63-84.


2016.  “Time and the Otherwise:  Plantations, Garrisons and Being Human in the Caribbean.” Anthropological Theory 16(2).

2015.  “Cox’s America:  Caste, Race, and the Problem of Culture.”  Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 39(3):364-381.

2013.  “The Problem with Violence:  Exceptionality and Sovereignty in the New World.”  Journal of Transnational American Studies 5(1).

2013.  “Globalization and Race:  Structures of Inequality, New Sovereignties, and Citizenship in a Neoliberal Era.”  Annual Review of Anthropology 42:305-325 (with Kamari Clarke).

2013.  “Caribbean Studies, Archive Building, and the Problem of Violence.”  small axe 17(2):27-42.  

“The Violence of Diaspora: Governmentality, Class Cultures, and Circulations.”Radical History Review 103:83-104 (2009).

“Caribbean Studies, Anthropology, and U.S. Academic Realignments,” with Karla Slocum. Souls 10(2):123-137 (2008).

“Gendering Diaspora: Transnational Feminisms, Diaspora, and its Hegemonies,with Tina M. Campt, Introduction to Special Issue of Feminist Review,“Gendering Diaspora,” 90:1-8 (2008).

“Walmart, ‘Katrina,’ and Other Ideological Tricks: Jamaican Hotel Workers in Michigan.” Special Issue of Feminist Review (Co-Edited with Tina M. Campt),“Gendering Diaspora,” 90:68-86 (2008).

“Blackness Across Borders: Jamaican Diasporas and New Politics of Citizenship.” Identities 14(1-2):111-133 (2007).

“Public Bodies: Virginity Testing, Redemption Songs, and Racial Respect in Jamaica,” Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 11(1):1-31(2006).

“Rethinking Global and Area Studies: Insights from Caribbeanist Anthropology.”American Anthropologist 105(3):553-565, with Karla Slocum (2003).

“Democratizing Dance: Institutional Transformation and Hegemonic Re-Ordering inPostcolonial Jamaica.” Cultural Anthropology 17(4):512-550 (2002).

Courses Taught

ANTH 0020 Anthropology, Race, and the Making of the Modern World

ANTH1160 Caribbean Culture and Politics

ANTH3340/6340 Feminist Ethnography

ANTH5087 Race, Nation, Empire

ANTH6010 Contemporary Approaches to the Study of Culture and Society

ANTH6550 Methods and Grantwriting for Anthropological Research

Previous Courses:

ANTH 002 The Anthropological Study of Culture

ANTH640 Race, Diaspora & Critique


Anthropology Department Faculty; Secondary Appointment, Graduate School of Education; Affiliated Faculty, Africana Studies; Core Faculty, Gender, Sexuality and Women's Studies; Graduate Group Member, Department of English; Graduate Group Member, School of Social Policy and Practice.

American Anthropologist

Center for Experimental Ethnography



Faculty Status